@Sugoroku and Culture

Sugoroku Being Composed in Tanka

SugorokuEEE"The Tanka Seasonal Words Glossary through All Ages" compiled by Torii Masahiro / Kyouiku-sha

A game which is told to have been born in India and brought via Tang Dynasty. The original pronunciation was Suguroku. Dice holder in the center of the game board, arrange 15 pieces each of black and white in a block of 12 partition in the right and left, cast 2 dices from a cylinder, make move according to the number, win when all pieces have moved in the other's side. The size of the board was not unified, and there were many variances in its rule, the number of pieces and the arrangements.

In the Nihon-shoki [Jitou 3rd] reads "prohibit and cease Sugoroku on the day of tsuchi-no-tori-no-hinoe-tatsu in December" because it was played for gambling.
There are 2 poems in Man-you-shu, the first one is read "one-two, five-six-three, four" by a theory. The next one is such a nonsense as sings, a swelling on a big saddle of Sugoroku growing up on the forehead of my wife.
It was played in Heian era too. In Makura-no-soushi reads "Go, Sugoroku and tales" in the 140th chapter, things to do for passing time aimlessly, a scene is also written in the chapter Wakana Ge of Genji-monogatari (the tale of Genji) where the princess Oumi plays Sugoroku.

Although it had been played through the Medieval Age, Sugoroku became out of vogue in Edo era, disappeared in Bunka-bunsei period [1804-1829] and has been replaced by Paper Sugoroku. It began with "Buddhist Sugoroku" preaching Buddhist doctrines at first, then changed into "Pure Land Sugoroku", and into "Touring Sugoroku". It became kid's game since Meiji era. The Paper Sugoroku is made with a large paper partitioned in several blocks with pictures each, played with a dice making pieces forward according to the number from its start block, won by arriving goal faster than other players.

There are not many poems in old days composing Sugoroku in. A verse named "Sugoroku-ban-no-uta" in "Minamoto-no Shitagou-shu" reads "su-ku-ro-ku-i-chi-ba" word played with the first and last syllable. The reason why Ozawa Roan picked 15 poems is supposed to be the number of blocks on the board. Should "Suguroku-ichiba (market)" imply a situation of gathering of pieces like a market where cloud of people are gathering?
A Haiku composed by Tatebe Souchou in his collection "Sobakari" [issued in 1870] To see all scenery in Sugoroku, Udsu mountainsis composing a touring Sugoroku. Kyoshi also composed one in his "550 Haikus" [issued 1943] Calm and beautiful after being lost in SugorokuThe seasonal word is the New Year. There are hardly found in contemporary Tankas or Haikus.


Not only 1 or 2, there also are 5, 6, 3 and 4It's a wonderful point of Sugoroku
[Man-you-shu / 16 / 3827] Author not know

A swelling on a cow saddle of Sugoroku Growing up on the forehead of my wife
[Man-you-shu / 16 / 3838] by Abe-no-ko Oji

The collection of Minamoto no Shitagou

Suruga naru Fuji no kemuri mo haru tateba, kasumi to nomi zo miete tanabiku [No. 52]
(The lingering smoke of Fuji in Suruga looks as if it were mist, while it is spring now)

Kusa shigemi hito mo kayowhanu yamazato ni, ta ga uchiharahi tsukuru nawhasiro [No. 53]
(Who cultivates and maintain this rice bed in such an abandoned place blocked by thick bushes?)

Rokuro ni ya ito mo hikuram hikimayu no, shiratama no wo ni nuke to tae nui [No. 54]

Chiri mo naki Kagami no yama ni itodoshiku yoso ni te mire domo, akanu momidhiba [No. 55]
(The autumnal tint of maple trees in Kagami mountain doesn't let me bore even watching from other place)

Shui-shu(follow-up of omissions)

It won't end up without seeing her,Someone's wife standing in the Sugoroku market
[Shui-shu / sundry love / 1214] author not known

Roku-djou-ei-sou / The verse of Suguroku by Ozawa Roan

Suma no ura Hatsuse no yama mo hedate naku, haru no kasumi ha kesa ya tanabiku
(The spring mist lays over everywhere even in Suma bay or Hatsuse mountain)

Kuniguni ni nadataru tokoro ookare do hana wha miyako no haru no yamashiro
(Although there many famous places in the world, where flowers to watch is city of Yamashiro in spring)

Roukoku no hodo mo naku nomi mori te yo wha, tamakura no a ni akuru natsu no i

Ichijiruku tsuyu okisome te kono asake, kuru aki miyuru miwha no kayohidhi
(Since there were drops of dew heavily this morning, the coming path of autumn became visible)

Chidhi no aki, hitotsu no tsuki no yukikaheir, kawharajii miyo wo meguru hikariha
(The sole Moon lights your government thousands of years while going back and forth)

Koe mata toki by Takeda Hiroyuki(Voice, sometimes Time)

I carved two persons exactlyHow they are playing Sugoroku

SugorokuEEE"Tanka Expression Dictionary, Chapter of life / culture" by editors of Iidsuka-shoten

Oto no ko ga chiisaki te ni furu Sugoroku no, sai yoku ide te hitori kachitugu
(The younger of the brother keeps winning in Sugoroku while having lucky numbers of dice cast from his little hand)
by Kubota Shouichirou

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